The Mystery of Eve and Adam: A Prophetic Critique of the Monarchy

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They were described by Martin Harris , one of Smith's early scribes, as "fastened together in the shape of a book by wires. A portion of the text on the plates was also " sealed " according to his account, so its content was not included in the Book of Mormon. In addition to Smith's account regarding the plates, eleven others stated that they saw the golden plates and, in some cases, handled them.

Smith enlisted his neighbor Martin Harris as a scribe during his initial work on the text. Harris later mortgaged his farm to underwrite the printing of the Book of Mormon. In , Harris, prompted by his wife Lucy Harris , repeatedly requested that Smith lend him the current pages that had been translated.

Smith reluctantly acceded to Harris's requests. Lucy Harris is thought to have stolen the first pages.


  1. Newton’s Religious Life and Work.
  2. Letters from Suzhou.
  3. The Mystery of Eve and Adam : A Prophetic Critique of the Monarchy.
  4. Further reading in the BAS Library:?

In , work resumed on the Book of Mormon, with the assistance of Oliver Cowdery , and was completed in a short period April—June Grandin in Palmyra, New York on March 26, Since its first publication and distribution, critics of the Book of Mormon have claimed that it was fabricated by Smith [6] [7] [8] and that he drew material and ideas from various sources rather than translating an ancient record. Works that have been suggested as sources include the King James Bible , [33] [34] The Wonders of Nature , [35] [36] View of the Hebrews , [7] [8] [37] and an unpublished manuscript written by Solomon Spalding.

Smith said the title page, and presumably the actual title of the edition, came from the translation of "the very last leaf" of the golden plates, and was written by the prophet-historian Moroni. The Book of Mormon is organized as a compilation of smaller books, each named after its main named narrator or a prominent leader, beginning with the First Book of Nephi 1 Nephi and ending with the Book of Moroni.

Criticism of the Bible - Wikipedia

The book's sequence is primarily chronological based on the narrative content of the book. Exceptions include the Words of Mormon and the Book of Ether. The Words of Mormon contains editorial commentary by Mormon. The Book of Ether is presented as the narrative of an earlier group of people who had come to America before the immigration described in 1 Nephi.

First Nephi through Omni are written in first-person narrative, as are Mormon and Moroni. The remainder of the Book of Mormon is written in third-person historical narrative, said to be compiled and abridged by Mormon with Moroni abridging the Book of Ether and writing the latter part of Mormon and the Book of Moroni. Most modern editions of the book have been divided into chapters and verses.

Most editions of the book also contain supplementary material, including the "Testimony of Three Witnesses " and the "Testimony of Eight Witnesses ". The books from First Nephi to Omni are described as being from "the small plates of Nephi".

Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden (The Forbidden Fruit) Bible Stories - See U in History

It tells the story of a man named Lehi , his family, and several others as they are led by God from Jerusalem shortly before the fall of that city to the Babylonians in BC. The book describes their journey across the Arabian peninsula , and then to the promised land, the Americas, by ship. Following this section is the Words of Mormon. The Book of Third Nephi is of particular importance within the Book of Mormon because it contains an account of a visit by Jesus from heaven to the Americas sometime after his resurrection and ascension.

The text says that during this American visit, he repeated much of the same doctrine and instruction given in the Gospels of the Bible and he established an enlightened, peaceful society which endured for several generations, but which eventually broke into warring factions again. The portion of the greater Book of Mormon called the Book of Mormon is an account of the events during Mormon's life. Mormon is said to have received the charge of taking care of the records that had been hidden, once he was old enough.

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The book includes an account of the wars, Mormon's leading of portions of the Nephite army, and his retrieving and caring for the records. Mormon is eventually killed after having handed down the records to his son Moroni.

About this book

According to the text, Moroni then made an abridgment called the Book of Ether of a record from a previous people called the Jaredites. The Jaredite civilization is presented as existing on the American continent beginning about BC, [55] —long before Lehi's family arrived shortly after BC—and as being much larger and more developed. The Book of Moroni then details the final destruction of the Nephites and the idolatrous state of the remaining society.

The Book of Mormon contains doctrinal and philosophical teachings on a wide range of topics, from basic themes of Christianity and Judaism [58] to political and ideological teachings.

Jesus is mentioned every 1. Stated on the title page, the Book of Mormon's central purpose is for the "convincing of the Jew and Gentile that Jesus is the Christ, the Eternal God, manifesting himself unto all nations. The book describes Jesus, prior to his birth, as a spirit "without flesh and blood", although with a spirit "body" that looked similar to how Jesus would appear during his physical life.

NONFICTION

See Godhead Latter Day Saints. In furtherance of its theme of reconciling Jews and Gentiles to Jesus, the book describes a variety of visions or visitations to some early inhabitants in the Americas involving Jesus. Most notable among these is a described visit of Jesus to a group of early inhabitants shortly after his resurrection.

In the narrative, at the time of King Benjamin about BC , the Nephite believers were called "the children of Christ". Many other prophets in the book write of the reality of the Messiah, Jesus Christ. In the Bible, Jesus spoke to the Jews in Jerusalem of "other sheep" who would hear his voice. The book delves into political theology within a Christian or Jewish context. Among these themes are American exceptionalism. According to the book, the Americas are portrayed as a "land of promise", the world's most exceptional land of the time.

On the issue of war and violence, the book teaches that war is justified for people to "defend themselves against their enemies". However, they were never to "give an offense," or to "raise their sword The book recommends monarchy as an ideal form of government, but only when the monarch is righteous. The book supports notions of economic justice, achieved through voluntary donation of "substance, every man according to that which he had, to the poor.

Joseph Smith characterized the Book of Mormon as the "keystone" of Mormonism, and claimed that it was "the most correct of any book on earth". As part of this effort, a new edition was printed with the added subtitle "Another Testament of Jesus Christ". The importance of the Book of Mormon was a focus of Ezra Taft Benson , the church's thirteenth president. Hinckley challenged each member of the church to re-read the Book of Mormon before the year's end.

Since the late s, church members have been encouraged to read from the Book of Mormon daily. The LDS Church encourages discovery of the book's truth by following the suggestion in its final chapter to study, ponder, and pray to God concerning its veracity.

The Gospel According to Mark: unique structure

This passage is sometimes referred to as "Moroni's Promise". The Community of Christ , formerly known as the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, views the Book of Mormon as an additional witness of Jesus Christ and publishes two versions of the book through its official publishing arm, Herald House : the Authorized Edition, which is based on the original printer's manuscript, and the Second Edition or "Kirtland Edition" of the Book of Mormon.

The Community of Christ also publishes a "Revised Authorized Edition," which attempts to modernize some language. In , Community of Christ President W. Grant McMurray reflected on increasing questions about the Book of Mormon: "The proper use of the Book of Mormon as sacred scripture has been under wide discussion in the s and beyond, in part because of long-standing questions about its historical authenticity and in part because of perceived theological inadequacies, including matters of race and ethnicity.

Veazey ruled out-of-order a resolution to "reaffirm the Book of Mormon as a divinely inspired record. This position is in keeping with our longstanding tradition that belief in the Book of Mormon is not to be used as a test of fellowship or membership in the church. There are a number of other churches that are part of the Latter Day Saint movement.

These groups all have in common the acceptance of the Book of Mormon as scripture. It is this acceptance which distinguishes the churches of the Latter Day Saint movement from other Christian denominations.

Separate editions of the Book of Mormon have been published by a number of churches in the Latter Day Saint movement, along with private individuals and foundations not endorsed by any specific denomination. Most of the archaeological, historical and scientific communities do not consider the Book of Mormon an ancient record of actual historical events. Most adherents of the Latter Day Saint movement consider the Book of Mormon to generally be a historically accurate account.

One of the more common recent arguments is the limited geography model , which states that the people of the Book of Mormon covered only a limited geographical region in either Mesoamerica , South America , or the Great Lakes area. The LDS Church has published material indicating that science will support the historical authenticity of the Book of Mormon. The Book of Mormon was dictated by Joseph Smith to several scribes over a period of 13 months, [] resulting in three manuscripts.

The lost pages contained the first portion of the Book of Lehi ; it was lost after Smith loaned the original, uncopied manuscript to Martin Harris. The first completed manuscript, called the original manuscript, was completed using a variety of scribes. Portions of the original manuscript were also used for typesetting. It was then discovered that much of the original manuscript had been destroyed by water seepage and mold. Surviving manuscript pages were handed out to various families and individuals in the s.

Only 28 percent of the original manuscript now survives, including a remarkable find of fragments from 58 pages in The second completed manuscript, called the printer's manuscript , was a copy of the original manuscript produced by Oliver Cowdery and two other scribes. Observations of the original manuscript show little evidence of corrections to the text.

Critical comparisons between surviving portions of the manuscripts show an average of two to three changes per page from the original manuscript to the printer's manuscript, with most changes being corrections of scribal errors such as misspellings or the correction, or standardization, of grammar inconsequential to the meaning of the text.

The printer's manuscript was not used fully in the typesetting of the version of Book of Mormon; portions of the original manuscript were also used for typesetting. The original manuscript was used by Smith to further correct errors printed in the and versions of the Book of Mormon for the printing of the book. In the late 19th century the extant portion of the printer's manuscript remained with the family of David Whitmer , who had been a principal founder of the Latter Day Saints and who, by the s, led the Church of Christ Whitmerite. During the s, according to the Chicago Tribune , the LDS Church unsuccessfully attempted to buy it from Whitmer for a record price.

LDS president Joseph F. Smith refuted this assertion in a letter, believing such a manuscript "possesses no value whatever. The LDS Church had not sought to purchase the manuscript. The original publication did not have verse markers, although the individual books were divided into relatively long chapters. Just as the Bible's present chapter and verse notation system is a later addition of Bible publishers to books that were originally solid blocks of undivided text, the chapter and verse markers within the books of the Book of Mormon are conventions, not part of the original text.

Publishers from different factions of the Latter Day Saint movement have published different chapter and verse notation systems. The two most significant are the LDS system, introduced in , and the RLDS system, which is based on the original chapter divisions. The following non-current editions marked major developments in the text or reader's helps printed in the Book of Mormon.